Jaspers saw this period as a particularly intense time of intellectual and religious Axial age that continues to resonate in thought and society. The Future of Mankind. In this new age, dialogue on a global basis is now not merely a possibility but is an absolute necessity.
The extent to which there may have been cross-pollination of ideas across geographic distances can only be speculated upon. This pattern can be seen from two angles: Note that when we speak of the Greek period we are referring to a network of city-states stretching all the way to southern Italy.
The Sociology of Hinduism Axial age Buddhism and Ancient Judaism provided a background for the importance of the period, and notes parallels with Eric Voegelin 's Order and History.
Some scholars believe that similarity of ideas and similar developments are indicative of an early global civilization that existed, with contact and travel across much more of the globe than we usually think occurred at this early period.
Seldom considered is the possibility that the New World civilizations might show Axial influence, given the clear global character of eonic action in the Axial and other intervals.
Looking at this Axial phenomenon we are forced to consider that it is really a step in a sequence, and moving backwards and forwards we suddenly discover the full pattern. In India it was the age of the Upanishads and of Buddha; as in China, all philosophical trends, including skepticism and materialism, sophistry and nihilism, were developed.
The phrase originated with the German psychiatrist and philosopher Karl Jaspers, who noted that during this period there was a shift—or a turn, as if on an axis—away from more predominantly localized concerns and toward transcendence.
The second, related to the first, is of the mysterious drumbeat pattern of turning points or transitions proceeding down a mainline of the diversity of civilizations. The Hebrew Prophets came to view the god of their nation, Israel, as the God who created heaven and earth and who shaped the destiny of all people.
Jews, Phoenicians, and others, according to Gordon, had crossed the Atlantic in antiquity.
Characteristics[ edit ] Jaspers presented his first outline of the Axial age by a series of examples: The chief virtue of women in classical Athens was said to be their silence and submission.
The phenomenon does not emerge by slow evolution from the prior state of these separate cultures.
The Beginning of Navigation and Seaborne Civilizations. We see that some dynamic is operating independently of the politics of cultures and empires in the reactions of religion to state integration.
From the Age of Monologue to the Age of Dialogue. Axial Age thinkers displayed great originality and yet exhibited surprising similarity with respect to their ultimate concerns.
Buddhafor example, had to be persuaded to allow women to join his community and encumbered them with many more precepts than he did men.
The Origin and Goal of History. In Search of a New World Ethic. Jews, Phoenicians, and others, according to Gordon, had crossed the Atlantic in antiquity.
If there is an axis in history, we must find it empirically in profane history, as a set of circumstances significant for all men, including Christians. The chief virtue of women in classical Athens was said to be their silence and submission.Karl Jaspers ( - ) pioneered the idea of the Axial Age.
According to Jaspers, the period between to B.C.E. was the time in which all foundations that underlie current civilization came into being. Some extend the Axial period as late at C.E. The Axial Age plays a central, foundational, or crucial role in human history. From Axial Age thinkers we inherited a sense of the world as a place not just to experience but to investigate, envision, and alter.
A variety of utopian visions emerged and led to both reform and repression. From Axial Age thinkers we inherited a sense of the world as a place not just to experience but to investigate, envision, and alter through human thought and action. Bellah and Joas have assembled diverse scholars to guide us through this astonishing efflorescence of religious and.
Axial Age (also Axis Age, from German: Achsenzeit) is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers in the sense of a "pivotal age" characterizing the period of ancient history from about the 8th to the 3rd century BCE.
The Axial Age is defined by Jaspers as occurring in the interval from about – to –, but a closer analysis suggests the need to modify and break up this interval.
However, the basic point is clear. The term literally means “to go beyond.” In the case of the Axial Age “revolution” in human thought about the world, “going beyond” has several meanings, according to the Canadian philosopher and sociologist Charles Taylor.Download